Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

Topic Progress:

Pearls for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

1. Approximately 20% of patients with COVID-19 develop ARDS.
2. These patients are complex; ask for help.
3. Assess your patient.

Nursing Care

ARDS patients are sick and nursing care is crucial to help patients survive. In attempt to be succinct, we’ve attached Nick Mark‘s ICU OnePagers with attention to nursing care in yellow highlights. More ICU OnePagers can be found at

Click here for Nick Mark’s OnePager with EPICC Highlights for Nurses.

ARDS Pathophysiology Snapshot

Courtesy of the Calgary Guide to Understanding Disease

Prone Position in ARDS

Seriously, Haney Mallemat is the one of the best educators on the planet.

Berlin Criteria

A taskforce was set out to define criteria for ARDS2.

There is debate whether the Berlin criteria is best for defining ARDS3; however, most intensive care teams use this definition as a general guide rather than a rule.


1. Calgary Guide to Understanding Disease. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

2. The ARDS Definition Task Force*. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: The Berlin Definition. JAMA. 2012;307(23):2526–2533. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.5669

3. Farkas, J. Pulmcrit. 2018.

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